2.11.6 corr2(Pro)
Menu Information
Analysis: Signal Processing: 2D Correlation
Brief Information
Compute correlation of two matrices
Additional Information
This feature is for OriginPro only.
Command Line Usage
1. corr2 im1:=Mat(1) im2:=Mat(2);
2. corr2 im1:=Mat(1) im2:=Mat(2) norm:=1;
3. corr2 im1:=Mat(1) im2:=Mat(2) algorithm:=circular;
4. corr2 im1:=Mat(1) im2:=Mat(2) method:=shift;
Variables
Display Name

Variable Name

I/O and Type

Default Value

Description

Input Matrix

im1

Input
MatrixObject

<unassigned>

Specifies the matrix that has the first input 2D signal.

Input Matrix

im2

Input
MatrixObject

<unassigned>

Specifies the matrix that has the second input 2D signal. To calculate autocorrelation, use the same matrix as the first input signal (im1).

Method

method

Input
int

fft

Specifies the method for calculating 2D correlation.
Option list
 fft:FFT
 This method is faster but less accurate than Shift accumulation method. It is usually used for large data.
 shift:Shift Accumulate
 This method computes the correlation using its mathematic definition. It is more accurate, but could be much slower for large data.

Algorithm

algorithm

Input
int

linear

Specifies whether compute linear correlation or circular correlation.
Option list
 linear:Linear
 Linear correlation will be performed. Data points outside the input range will be viewed as zero.
 circular:Circular
 Circular correlation will be performed. Data points outside the input range will be viewed as repetition of the input data points.

Normalize Result

norm

Input
int

0

Specifies whether or not the result should be normalized.

Correlation Result

om

Output
MatrixObject

[<new>]<new>!

Specifies the output matrix.
See the syntax here.

Description
2D Correlation is usually used to detect similarities between two 2D signals, which are often saved in matrices. The 2D correlation of two matrices, a and b, can be defined as follows:_{}
The 2D Correlation can be linear or circular. For linear correlation, any indexed elements that lie outside the original range are treated as zeros. Correspondingly, for circular correlation, they are viewed as the repetition of elements within the original range. The size of the linear correlation result matrix is as follows:
where M and N are the greater width and height of the two matrices respectively. Conversely, if computing a circular correlation, the size of the matrix should be
Conventionally, the linear correlation should be used when the input signals contain impulses, while the circular correlation should be used when the signals can be viewed as periodic.
The magnitude of the correlation shows how similar the signals are. If the correlation is large, the two signals are considered to be very similar. Alternatively, if correlation is zero, the two signals are considered to be independent.
Examples
1. To compute the linear correlation of signals in the 1^{st} sheet and the 2^{nd} sheet of a matrix named MBookSignals, use the following script command:
corr2 im1:=[MBookSignals]1!1 im2:= [MBookSignals]2!1
2. To change the method of 2D correlation, open the corr2 dialog and select the option by typing:
corr2 d
3. To perform a 2D correlation to data using a presaved smoothing theme file, save your preferences in the corr2 dialog, and then execute it by typing the following script command, using your own savedtheme title:
corr2 t "my twod corelation theme.oth"
Algorithm
For more information, please refer to our User Guide.
Related XFunctions
conv, fft1, ifft1
Keywords:fourier, fft, linear, circular
