Last Update: 11/13/2018
If you have 4 columns of data that you wish to plot, you could plot the first 3 as an XYZ scatter and then use the 4th column to set the symbol color.
You could take this one step further and also convert the XYZ data to a matrix and then plot as a wireframe plot through the scatter points.
You have three options for "Using Values in a Data Set to Control Data Plot Color":
Using other Indexing options you can extend this idea to represent up to 8 dimensions of data in your 3D XYZ Plot:
All additional columns must be to the immediate right of the Z column in your worksheet.