The Paired-Sample t-Test is a parametric hypothesis test that enables you to test whether the means of paired (or related, matched) samples are equal or whether they differ by a given value. The term paired means that there are two measurements taken on the same subject or there is one measurement taken on a pair of subjects.
The test can be either one-tailed or two-tailed. The test statistic and p-value will be calculated so that you can decide whether or not to reject the null hypothesis. A small P-value, which less than a significance level , indicates that you can reject the null hypothesis.
To estimate the difference between two population means, the sample mean difference with confidence interval is also computed for each confidence level.
Power is the chance of correctly rejecting the null hypothesis. A power that is too low suggests that rejecting the null hypothesis is dangerous. However, power should not be too high. An excessively high power would lead to a rejection of the hypothesis even with trivial fluctuations of the samples.
If there are missing values in the data range, the whole pair will be excluded in the analysis
To perform a pair-sample t-test:
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