6.5.1 Connecting to File
Data Connectors build connections between an Origin worksheet/matrix and a data file on your PC or local network. Many common file types are supported.
For a summary of key differences between Connectors and older import methods, see FAQ-1020 Is there a difference between Connect and Import?.
Connectors for additional file types can be added by choosing the Add New... menu item at the bottom of the Data: Connect to File menu. This opens the App Center to show only uninstalled Connectors. Click the Download and Install icon to install the Connector App on your PC.
Alternately, go to the Origin File Exchange on the OriginLab website and select a Connector from the list. On the App page, click the Download File button and when the download completes, drag the file to the Origin workspace. For App documentation, see the App page's Description section.
You are allowed to customize the Data : Connect to File menu by selecting Data : Connect to File : Customize...
All installed data connectors will listed here, you can use the check boxes to decide which ones of them will show under the Data : Connect to File menu.
Adding a Connector to the Book
To add a Data Connector to the book and import data:
- With a worksheet/matrix active, choose Data: Connect to File: Data Type.
- Select the desired data file from the Open dialog box.
This opens a Connector-specific dialog box where you can configure your import options.
- For multi-page files such as MS Excel or MATLAB, you will choose an initial sheet to import (e.g. Excel Sheet). Upon import, a collapsible Data Navigator panel is added to the book giving you access to the files remaining sheets.
- The name of the connected file is added as the book Long Name (does not apply to CSV or Origin files).
- When connecting matrixbooks to files, Image Mode and Image Thumbnails/Slider are automatically enabled when the number of imported matrices exceeds the value of system variable @MSS (default = 10). Does not apply to Origin files. For information on changing the value of a system variable, see this FAQ.
Use the Text/CSV Connector to import text files such as CSV, TXT, and ASC.
- Auto determine Main header lines or clear the check box and specify the main header and the sub-header, including column Long Name, Units and Comments, manually. Hint: a blue hint will show the number of auto-detected Main header lines.
- When main header lines are detected or manually specified, the import dialog shows a Save file header to drop-down list with options to save the file header to the Worksheet label area or the Book organizer.
| CSV Import Options
|| CSV Import Options, Main Header Lines
- If the imported file (some *.pil files for example) has separator line to split header and data part, something like ">END OF HEADER", uncheck Auto next to Main header lines, enter 0 for Main header lines, check Main header ends with checkbox and enter the defined separator text in the combo box.
- You can opt to Import first 50 lines as preview or for partial import.
- Click the Other Options button (to the left of OK), to enable sparklines on import. To disable sparklines on import, set @IMPS = 0.
You can sort the whole worksheet by a selected column (right-click and select Sort Worksheet) after importing data by CSV Data Connector.
Data Block Markers
If your file is a mix of data and non-data, you can define those characters which delineate data blocks:
- Use the Start box to define the sequence of characters which mark the start of your data. If that sequence of characters uses section notation (i.e. is enclosed in square brackets as in [Data]), then End should be left blank.
- When using section notation, make sure Main header lines = Auto.
- Support for asterisk ("*") wildcard (e.g. "-*" will look for dash string of any length).
- When a blank line marks the end of the data block, you can specify End = <blank>.
For information on the Excel Connector, see Importing from Excel.
The Data Connector Browser dialog will open.
The upper panel loads the structure of the imported file.
- Click on one branch to view the meta data in the right panel.
- Choose the desired branch and click the down arrow to add it to the lower panel.
- Click OK button to connect and import selected data.
- If your file contains multiple arrays, variables, etc., use the Data Navigator to connect to additional data, as needed.
|Note: When connecting to MATLAB, JSON and NetCDF files -- either local files or web files -- custom sheet names will be kept when reconnecting to your data file (Import or Import All Books from the Data Connector menu ). This applies only to file types that use a tree framework and does NOT apply to other file types such as Excel or Text/CSV.
The HDF Connector can be used to import HDF5 (.h5, .he5, .hdf5) or MATLAB's version 7.3 mat files stored locally or on the web. For more information, see this OriginLab File Exchange page.
Note that when you initiate a connection to a file, the Data Connector Browser opens, listing all variables in the file as a tree. There is a column on the right of each variable to indicate where each variable can be imported. Options include Worksheet, Matrix sheet or both, as shown in the following diagram.
You can connect directly to any node in the file. If a worksheet is active and the variable is marked with Matrix, you will be prompted to import the node to a matrixbook. However, you can opt to import the matrix data into a workbook and Origin will automatically add the node as a matrixsheet in the active workbook.
If you connect to the root of the file, the Data Navigator opens, allowing you to selectively connect to individual nodes. As mentioned, if the data are compatible with the active sheet, they are imported into the sheet. If another sheet type is needed, it is added to the active book.
Origin's TDMS Connector can be used to import data from .tdm and .tdms files.
To import a TDMS file:
- Open a new workbook and choose Data: Connect to File: TDMS. Choose a file and click Open.
- In the Data Connector Browser, double-click on a node; or select it in the Browser and click the Select data to import button. The node is added to the bottom panel. Note that you can modify the connection string to do a partial import.
- Click OK to import data.
If you have opted to import all nodes (by selecting TDMS at the top of the Browser), each channel will be imported into a separate sheet named as the channel. Metadata will be added to each column (Long Name, Units, etc., including into a user-parameter row labeled as node_source_attributes). Sheets are named as the channel and the file name is added as book Long Name. If you opt to Import All Groups to Same Worksheet, attributes are saved to the column label row area but the sheet name is not changed.
Possible topics of interest:
Origin's N42 Connector is used to import data generated by various radiation instruments.
To import an N42 file:
- Open a new workbook and choose Data: Connect to File: N42. Choose a file and click Open.
The NetCDF file is a self-describing, scalable format for storing arrays of variables. Designed as a flexible format for exchange of scientific data, it is readily adaptable to geographic studies and is widely used in atmospheric and climate science. Starting with version 2021b, Origin's NetCDF Connector has been improved to handle the kinds of datasets used in geographic-based studies.
In addition to such things as partial import (specify a date range, read/skip or averaging), longitude conversion, flipping latitude and specifying a sub-region by lat and lon, and an option to transform matrix values on import, the user will find these tools helpful:
- Import to Origin matrixsheet with option to view object thumbnails or scroll objects with slider.
- Data Navigator panel for imported matrix, with access to file metadata.
- Tools for analyzing and manipulating matrix data: pixel extraction, linear fit, descriptive statistics, subtraction, transpose, etc.
- Tools for extracting sub-regions from the matrix: pixel extraction, extract as xyz, crop, export region-of-interest, etc.
- Image Plots using standard or custom color palettes. Palettes can now be added to Origin by drag-and-drop.
When working with map data, activate an Image Plot, click the Insert menu and insert map boundaries for Continental USA or World.
To import a local .nc file:
- With a workbook or matrixbook active, choose Data: Connect to File.
- Continue with Data Connector Browser, below.
To import web-stored .nc data by specifying a URL:
- With a workbook or matrixbook active, choose Data: Connect to Web.
- In the dialog that opens, set File Type to NetCDF (optional) and either (a) click on Recent URLs and choose a .nc file from the list or (b) directly enter a URL in the text box (e.g. https://psl.noaa.gov/thredds/fileServer/Datasets/cpc_us_precip/precip.V1.0.1948.nc), then click OK.
- Continue with Data Connector Browser, below.
Data Connector Browser:
- Select the multi-dimensional variable (e.g. time * lat * lon) that you want to import and click the Select data to import button, adding the data to the bottom panel. If a workbook is active and the file requires a matrixbook, you will be asked if you want to (a) open a new matrixbook, (b) embed a matrixbook in the active workbook, or (c) import data to worksheet columns. Typically, single-dimensional variables should be imported into workbooks while multi-dimensional variables should imported into matrixbooks.
- Click the Import Options button (the "pencil" icon) and choose your options. Here, you can specify a partial import, convert longitude or flip your matrix vertically, or transform data using a formula.
- Click OK to close Import Options and click OK again to close the Browser and import your data. Large files may take some time to import. When the file is imported a Browser panel is added to the left side of the matrix. Note the slider at the top of the matrix window for viewing individual matrix objects.
Once a file is imported, you can make changes to Import Options by clicking the Connector icon and choosing Options.
- To connect to a local file, select Data: Connect to File: Shapefile. To connect to web data, select Data: Connect to Web and enter the URL.
- Shapefile Connector will open a simple Import Options dialog. You can select the Load Attributes checkbox to import the columnar attributes for each shape. Columnar attributes is a .dbf file having the same name of the .shp file and saved in the same folder.
- After import, you will see at least 3 columns in the worksheet: X, Y and Feature ID. X and Y coordinates are separated by missing values to represent different segments. Multiple segments may share one Feature ID.
For more information, see Shapefile Connection page in File Exchange.
The Origin Connector imports data from an Origin project (opj(u)) or workbook (ogw(u)) file. This allows you to use Origin files as a data repository.
When connecting to data in an Origin file -- whether it be a project file or a multi-page workbook -- the Data Connector Browser opens. Here, you can selectively pick the data that you want to import. Once you have added a Connector to the workbook, you can import other worksheets as needed by right-clicking on a column in the Data Navigator and choosing Add and Connect Sheet(s).
Additionally, beginning with Origin 2020, the Origin Connector supports an SQL-like query language for searching and extracting the desired data from your Origin files.
- In the Select... dialog, click Select Query button to open Select Query dialog.
- Enter query strings in the edit box to, for example, search in the entire project and pull all the columns with the specified LongName and plot designation.
- Clicking OK button will add the query to the lower panel. Click OK again to import columns that meets the condition to a new workbook.
- In addition to query capabilities, you can use the Data Navigator to connect to additional sheets in the Origin project, as needed.
The Data Connector Browser dialog will open.
The upper panel loads all the tables on the web page. Choose the desired table and click the down arrow to add it to the lower panel. Click OK button to import.
Connect Multiple Files
Use this menu to connect to multiple files of identical file type and structure.
- With the workbook or matrixbook active, choose Data: Connect Multiple Files.
- For CSV files, checking Same Book will mean that the book is named with the name of the first file. If imported to separate books, each book will be name with the file name.
- Check the Open Dialog for First File box to adjust import settings before file import.
- Use the Set Column Designations combo box to specify worksheet column designations on import.
- If choosing Data Connector = Import Filter, see the next section.
Import a File with Filter
This option lets you use Data Connectors with an import filter file (*.OIF) that you created with the Import Wizard.
When Connecting to a Single File:
- With a worksheet/matrix active, choose Data: Connect to File: Import Filter.
- Select a desired data file from the opened browser.
- In the Select Filter dialog, select the desired filter. Click OK to import.
When Connecting Multiple Files:
- Choose Data: Connect Multiple Files or click the Connect Multiple Files button on the Import toolbar.
- Set Data Connector = Import Filter.
- Choose files and decide whether you want them imported into the same book or separate books, then click OK.
When choosing this option, there is no Open Dialog.... check box in the files2dc dialog box. Instead, an Import Filter dialog opens where you can browse to and select your import filter file.
Starting New Sheets:
As with the Import Wizard, the Import Filter Connector supports starting new sheets when non-numeric data is encountered in a numeric field.
This is another way to connect to multiple files. However, this is much more than a simple multi-file import mechanism. The real value of "cloning" is in rapidly duplicating graphing and analysis operations carried out on a prototype file, on subsequent files of the same type and structure. Once you have a prototype, cloning is trivial:
- Import your prototype data file using Data: Connect to File, then perform the desired graphing and/or analysis operations.
- With the data-containing workbook or matrixbook active, choose Data: Clone Import; or click the Clone Import button on the Import toolbar.
- Choose files and click OK.
See the tutorial "Importing Multiple Files into Workbooks Cloned from Active Workbook" for more information.
Connect Files by Appending Rows to Current Sheet
This method of connecting to multiple files is only supported by Text/CSV as of version 2021. Files must be appended one-by-one and will be imported by appending rows to the current worksheet.
- Use the Text/CSV Connector to import a file into the worksheet. Be sure to specify a Data Block Marker if your file uses one.
- With the worksheet active, open the Script Window (Window: Script Window), type the following and press Enter:
- Return to the active worksheet and click the green Data Connector icon .
- Choose Data Source, set File Path to the file you want to append and click OK.
- Choose connection options including Data Block Marker, then click OK to import the file by appending data to the current worksheet as new rows.