8.5.2.1.8 The Reference Lines Tab


To identify a specific value or range, you can add multiple reference lines at a constant or computed value on the axis and fill the area between paired reference lines .

Reference Lines tab.png

Starting with Origin 2017, you can use the Layer list to switch between layers in a multi-layer graph.

Switch layers control.png

Reference Lines at Value

One way to add reference lines is to use this box to enter a space-separated list of values or point to a reference column of values (by clicking the Select Column interactive button Button Select Data Interactive.png beside this text box) from worksheet.

Alternate Fill

Alternate Fill

Fill the area between every odd number reference line and its next even number reference line, such as RLine 1 ~ RLine 2, RLine 3 ~ RLine 4.

Alternate Fill Include Axis Begin and Axis End

Do Alternate Fill including Axis Begin and Axis End. The filling order is Axis Begin to RLine 1. Axis End will be the last fill to if the custom line number is even.

You can refer to this tutorial to learn how this option works.

Display Box for Reference Lines

List of all reference lines. The reference lines Axis Begin and Axis End will listed at top of this table by default. Note that you can also add lines here by entering a value into an At Axis Value cell (see next).

At Axis Value

Show the position of added reference lines.

You can display reference lines behind or in front of your data points. See Data Drawing Options.

Line

Specify whether to show the reference line at current axis value.

Fill to

Select a reference line from the drop-down list which current reference line should be filled to. If you've selected any Alternate Fill check box above, this column will show the pairing lines and be not editable.

For Polar plot, to fill the inside center circle, there is extra option for polar reference line.

  • When the reference line is Axis Begin, and select Fill to= Axis Begin, it will fill from the circle center to Axis Begin line.
  • When the reference line is Axis End, and select Fill to= Axis End, it will fill from the circle center to Axis End line.


Axis Begin reference line, fill to Axis Begin
(yellow area)
Axis End reference line, fill to Axis End
(yellow area)
Fill to Axia Begin.png Fill to Axia End.png

Label

Specify whether to show label for the reference line.

Label Text

Specify what is to be shown as label for each reference line.

  • The default, <value as entered>, displays the position value as label for the current reference line.
  • Select <auto> to follow the tick label format settings of the Tick Labels tab of the Axis dialog (Type, Display, Set Decimal Places, Decimal Number).
  • You can also type in a custom string using the form $(v, Formats) where v is the position value and Formats uses the syntax described under Origin Formats. There are two special cases:
$(v,D99) // v = Julian-Day value in the form "MM/dd/yyyy hh:mm:ss" when Tick Label Type=Date
$(v,T99) // v = Julian-Day value in the form "DDD:hh:mm:ss" when Tick Label Type=Time
  • To insert a carriage return/line feed into your label, press CTRL + Enter (this inserts characters %(CRLF)).


By default, the label object has the following properties:

  • A label is positioned at the top of the reference line but can display in the middle or at the bottom.
  • A Name that displays on the Programming tab of the Properties dialog box. This name is RL(X/Y)#, where "X" or "Y" identifies the axis and "#" is the order in which the line appears in the Reference Lines list (e.g. RLX3 would be the third reference line in the list associated with the X axis).
  • Attached to the graph by Layer and Scales.
  • A Link to (%, $) Substitution Level of 1, which means the object is dynamically linked to value of variable v.

Label Location

Specify the position of the labels. For Vertical lines, possible positions are top/middle/bottom of the reference lines; For Horizontal lines, possible positions are left/middle/right of the reference lines.

Button

There are three buttons under the display box:

Insert Insert a new reference line before the one you selected in display box.
Delete Delete one or more reference lines that are selected in the display box. (i.e. the reference lines other than the Axis Begin and Axis End ones). To select multiple lines, hold down Ctrl key and click on the reference line entries one by one.
Details... Open the Reference Lines dialog for further style customization of the reference lines.
Note: To enable Insert and Delete buttons, you should clear Reference Lines at Value at first.

Details dialog for Reference Lines

This dialog can be opened by clicking the Details... button in the Reference Lines tab of Axis dialog. Use the Reference Lines dialog to add lines, set Value Type (e.g. Statistics) and customize formats and styles of each reference line.

When this dialog is open, the main Axis dialog will be hidden. And you can click Apply button to apply the change in this dialog only, without coming back to the main Axis dialog. When you click the OK button to save settings (or click Cancel) and close this dialog , the Axis dialog will be visible again.

Details dialog for Reference Lines.png

Value Type

Select the value type that the reference line specifies. It only appears for custom reference lines (excluding Axis Begin and Axis End).

Value Add a reference line at a constant value on the axis.
Expression Add a reference line generated by a formula of curve or at a computed value calculated by an expression.
Statistics Add a reference line at a statistical value.

Alternately, you can use a Mini Toolbar button to Add Stats Reference Lines to Line, Scatter, Line + Symbol, Column/Bar and Box graphs:

  1. Click inside the layer to select the layer.
  2. Click on the Add Stats Reference Lines button to pick from a list of key stats.
  3. Click More to open the Reference Lines dialog box, if needed.
MT Add Stats Reference Lines.png

At Axis Value

Specify the position at which the reference line should be added. It only appears for custom reference lines (i.e. control not available for Axis Begin and Axis End).

For Value Enter a constant value on the axis.
For Expression Enter a LabTalk expression. Origin offers many built-in functions for building the expression. You can click the fly-out button next to the edit box, then select a function and insert it into the edit box.

Note: The letters x and y are the reserved variables that refer to the current x axis and y axis, respectively. If you want to add a line y = x + 1 to the graph, you can directly input “x + 1” in At Axis Value edit box.

For Statistics Enter an expression that incorporates one of Origin's built-in statistical functions. You can click the fly-out button next to the edit box, then select a statistic and insert it into the edit box.
Reference Lines Statistics Flyout.png

See the following discussion of statistics syntax.

Note:

  1. In order to get the statistics info of the plot, we nest the function plotdata() within a statistical function. For example,
    Min(plotdata(1,Y)); //The minimum value of the first plot’s Y data
  2. In trellis plot, we can get the statistics info of every panel by nesting plotdata(index, designation, h,v), for example,
    Min(plotdata(1, Y, h, v)); //The minimum value of the first plot’s Y data for every panel
    Likewise, we can get the statistics info of all horizontal panels for every panel row by plotdata(index, designation, *,v), and the statistics info of all vertical panels for every panel column by plotdata(index, designation, h,*). Nesting plotdata(index, designation) in a statistical function is to get the statistics info for all data of this trellis plot without considering panels, for example,
    Min(plotdata(1, Y)); //The minimum value of all the first plot’s Y data in this trellis plot
  3. Sometimes, we will mix up the panels in a different order after wrapping panels, exchanging XY, reversing axis. To help to figure out the real panel index, Origin will show the panel index labels on the trellis plot when you activate Reference Lines tab of Axis dialog.
    ReferenceLinePanelIndex.png

Statistical reference lines are dynamic and will recalculate and redraw with changes to supporting data, as for instance, when you add a data filter; you change data range; or when you hide or show data plots with the Object Manager.

Note: Apart from the formula including the variable x and y, we should specify a single value in At Axis Value edit box. For dataset, only the first element will be taken account into. For example, the reference line will only show at x/y = sin(1) if we enter “sin(data(1,32))” in At Axis Value edit box.

Show on Panel

Specify on which panel the reference line is shown. It is only available in trellis plot. Use the commas to divide the panel index.

Line

The Show check box is consistent with the Line check box in the Display table. You can use it to show or hide the reference line.

Unchecking Auto Format check box to customize the Color, Style and Thickness of current reference line.

Pattern

Customize Fill Pattern between paired reference lines.

Select Fill To line(s) from drop-down list. It is consistent with the Fill To option in the Display table. If the Alternate Fill box is checked, this drop-down list is dimmed (unavailable).

  • Customize Fill to for the selected line using the Color and Transparency options.
  • Beginning with Origin 2020b, it is possible to fill to both the left and right of a given Reference Line (in prior versions, fill color could be applied only to one side of a line).
Reference Lines Fill.png
  • Prior to Origin 2020b, reference line fills were drawn in numerical order (lower numbers on the axis scale drawn first) but as of 2020b they are drawn in the order listed in the Reference Lines table. This change could, for instance, produce a difference in the color of overlapping fill patterns (i.e. the color that was previously behind could now be drawn in front). To get Origin 2020b and later versions to use the older drawing behavior, set @ARLS = 1.
Note: You can easily copy the style of one reference line to others by Copy Format and Paste Format in this dialog. Right click on a reference line in the left panel Reference Lines at and select Copy Format, and then select the target reference line(s) and right click to Paste Format. What's more, you can select Duplicate in the context menu to create a new reference line with the same style.

Label

Customize the label for reference line.

Show Specify whether to show a label for the reference line.
Text Specify what is to be shown as a label for the reference line. We have talked a lot in aforementioned section.
Label Form Specify which label form is to be shown for the reference line. It only appears for statistics reference lines.
  1. Value: To show the statistics value as a label.
  2. Quantity: To show the quantity as a label.
  3. Both: To show the statistics value and the quantity as a label in a format of quantity = statistics value.
  4. Custom: To show a customized text label.
Identity of Plot Specify which name to be shown on the label to identify the plot.
Position Specify the position of the labels.