This is a waterfall chart, also called a bridge chart. It is usually used to show how a value changes from the initial value to the final value through a series of intermediate up or down changes. The initial value and final value are usually represented by columns based at Y=0, with intermediate changes shown as floating columns. The floating columns are shown in two different colors to help differentiate up and down changes.
Origin provides two ways to obtain a waterfall chart, depending on data type.
In the top example, select columns two through seven and plot a stacked column graph with the bottom column in the stack hidden, causing the others to float. Set the last column (“Changes”) as the column labels.
In the bottom example, highlight the third and fourth columns to plot a floating column, set colors for the columns, and set the last column (“Changes”) as column labels.